POSSIBILITIES: SPECIALTY FARM OPERATIONS
Greenhouse / Nursery
A wide array of products is produced in the greenhouse and nursery sectors. Crops include vegetables, flowers, annuals, perennials, turf, shrubs and trees of many descriptions and varieties. Many growers market their crops directly to the consumer through retail garden centres. A few growers have developed extensive wholesale export markets to sell products to other provinces and countries. Greenhouse plants are one of the top five agricultural commodities in New Brunswick in terms of farmgate sales. The export of plant products requires a thorough knowledge of trade regulations and agencies (e.g., Canadian Food Inspection Agency CFIA and Health Canada) to permit complex cross border sales to happen efficiently.
Greenhouse and nursery crop production, like many agriculture enterprises, requires a high degree of skill and knowledge in technical production and business management. Energy costs are a major cost to consider for growing crops through the winter. Greenhouse and nursery plants are high-value commodities grown around the world in a very competitive marketplace. Producers must be able to manage many factors well to ensure consistent yields of high-quality plants at a competitive price.
What do you need to keep honey bees in New Brunswick?
Annual Registration of beekeeper and apiary. This is a legal requirement under the Apiary Inspection Act.
Colonies (a honey bee import permit issued by NBDAAF is required if honey bee colonies, packages, nucleus colonies or queens are to be obtained from outside the province within Canada).
Honey bees from other countries are not imported directly into NB. Honey bees imported from approved countries require a federal import to enter Canada.).
Access to land with unsprayed flowering plants suitable for bees.
Market for honey and beeswax and/or a market for bee pollination services.
Keeping honey bees in New Brunswick on a small-scale or part-time basis is an excellent way to gain experience and knowledge with a relatively small investment. Many of today’s larger beekeepers started small and expanded over time to a commercial scale. Many landowners are willing to have beehives on their property. In New Brunswick, beekeeping is a production and a service-based industry.
Keeping honey bees in New Brunswick on a small-scale or part-time basis is an excellent way to gain experience and knowledge with a relatively small investment. Many of today’s larger beekeepers started small and expanded over time to a commercial scale. Many landowners are willing to have beehives on their property. In New Brunswick, beekeeping is a production and a service-based industry. The beekeeping sector provides essential pollination services to blueberries and other crops, accounting for nearly two-thirds of the industry’s income. In 2017, about 10,000 colonies from New Brunswick were used for wild blueberry pollination alone. An additional 18,932 colonies were brought in from other provinces to meet demand. Continued development of the wild blueberry and cranberry industries in New Brunswick will create an even greater demand for colonies for pollination.
Christmas tree production provides alternative or additional opportunities for farmers to grow cash crops. It takes six to eight years to raise a tree to market size. The strength of export sales to the United States depends on the strength of the Canadian dollar and the number of trees available in any given year. There are also good opportunities for local sales for the farmer.
The Department of Agriculture, Aquaculture and Fisheries does not have dedicated extension personnel to help with this crop, but will arrange for consultation with personnel from neighbouring provinces or other producers.
What do you need to be a fur farmer in New Brunswick?
A site that meets the setback requirements in the Livestock Operations Act.
Pens and cages built in accordance with the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Mink and strict bio-security systems.
Disease free breeding stock.
A source of reputable special mink feed and water.
An arrangement with a pelting facility to process the pelts and an arrangement with a fur auction house to sell the pelts or a private contract with a pelt buyer.
Preventing and/or managing Aleutian Disease is vital for mink production.
New Brunswick ranks fifth in the world in maple syrup production. More than 3,000,000 kg of maple syrup is produced annually in our province. It is an industry which has seen substantial growth during the past decade with significant opportunity for further growth. Much of this growth has occurred on Crown land, which is leased on a long-term basis from the Department of Energy and Resource Development.